The Bank of Greece and Inflation: Independence and Democratic Accountability

This paper deals with the question of central bank independence and inflation control, with special reference to the Bank of Greece. After a brief discussion of the history of the Bank of Greece, it surveys current theories of inflation and the literature on the role of the anti-inflationary credibility of monetary policy. It then proceeds to define economic and political independence, with special reference to the problem of inflation and democratic accountability. It concludes that as a result of reforms in the early 1990s the Bank of Greece is already by and large economically independent. However, more needs to be done to make it politically independent as well. The paper suggests the directions of a political initiative to grant political independence to the Bank of Greece.


in Demopoulos G.D., Korliras P.G. and Prodromidis K.P. (eds), Essays in Economic Analysis (in Honor of Professor Theocharis), Athens, Sideris.